Stone masonry is an elegant, long-lasting way to add beauty and value to your home. There are tons of different types out there for you to choose from – so let’s take a look at some basic ones.
What is Stone Masonry?
There are many benefits to using stone masonry in your home. The durability and long-lasting nature of stone structures make them perfect for use in homes that require strong foundations, walls, or floors with an aesthetic value to match their function. With this type of construction technique, you can combine natural resources to build architecturally aggressive designs while still achieving lasting results. Concrete, for example, only lasts about 15 years before needing replacement due to cracks developing across its surface.
The use of raw, undressed stones in a masonry design is not new. But what makes it special are the variety and quality that can be seen with each stone’s shape varying from another. Having different sizes throughout an entire building or structure makes everything seem more organic-looking which fits perfectly into rustic homes where old-world designs tend to fit better. However, when things still need some kind of order so it doesn’t get chaotic – this type works really well especially if you love authentic looks!
Dry Rubble Masonry
The most basic type of rubble masonry is dry rubble masonry. This is very similar to the other two types (random rubble and square rubble) except no mortar is used. Masons work with carefully chosen hammer-dressed or raw stones. They lay them in such a way to avoid large joints, especially large vertical joints that could weaken the wall. This type of stone masonry is perfect for perimeter walls, garden sheds, and other similar structures.
Random rubble masonry is a beautiful, natural way of building with stone. It can use un-dressed or hammer-dressed stones and makes use of careful selection for placement. This is to avoid long vertical joints which would cause weakness in the structure. The random pattern distribution makes it tough to find any one point where you could start breaking through. The weight loads are taken evenly across every inch.
Square rubble is more refined than random rubble. The raw stones are dressed (shaped) to give them a regular appearance and shape with corners that are squared off using a chisel or hammer. This process also leaves behind smooth edges for an overall cleaner look compared to other types of construction where there will often still be some degree (if not complete) roughness visible on certain surfaces.
The use of dressed stones that are laid in place with mortar or cement is Ashlar Masonry. The masons cut and dress the stone to have specific height, and surface dimensions which makes it more expensive than regular brick because of the level of skill involved.
Rough-tooled ashlar masonry is an ancient technique that has been used for centuries to build strong, lasting walls. The stones are cut with the sides being left relatively rough and only slightly shaped by chisel or hammer into what will become its final form – a sleek look on both sides but most importantly in front where it can stand up against weathering best.
Quarry-Faced or Rock-Faced Ashlars
Quarry-faced ashlar masonry is a type of construction that uses finely dressed stone to shape it. The sides are cut at carefully calculated angles, giving the rock an intricately carved look that has been used for centuries in buildings such as cathedrals and castles. It offers a look that is something with both strength and gracefulness.
Quarry-faced ashlar stone is an excellent choice for buildings that need to last. The exterior of these stones is unfinished, giving them more character and soul than other types on the market today.
The chamfered ashlar stone is one of the most refined types in stonemasonry. The blocks are finely shaped into uniform shapes with sharp edges that give it a traditional brick look – without any construction challenges or messes. This technique is perfect for those who want their home decorating style to be elegant and rugged all at once.
Block in Course Masonry
Masonry is an excellent way to make your home stand out from the rest. The combination of rubble and ashlar techniques gives you block in course masonry and more options when designing walls. It also adds structural integrity with these stone blocks that can be cut into any shape or size needed for each project’s individual needs.
The best of both worlds, you say? You bet! The technique allows for an inexpensive material with a look and feels that is more refined than what’s typically seen in most buildings.
The ashlar-facing masonry is very similar to the technique we just looked at. Instead of using rubble as the main part, brick makes up your structure and then stone covers it on top like an exterior layer that gives you all those beautiful appearances without actually being able to do anything about them.
Fine-tooled masonry is the type of construction where each stone has been precisely cut to size and shape. The seams between these pieces can be as thin, or even thinner than 2 millimeters (1/8th inch). This style may take longer for workers in this field due largely because the need for extra time during finishing cuts to ensure everything fits together well before any mortar is applied, but once completed you’ll have an incredibly strong wall with refined edges.
Random Course Ashlars
In order to create a more rustic look, you can also lay stones randomly without consistent mortar joints. This will result in an uneven but appealing design that is great for both refined and intuitive designs.